مطالعه ریزساختار و سختی جوش اصطکاکی اغتشاشی فولاد API 70 در حضور ذرات اکسیدتیتانیوم

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده مهندسی معدن و مواد - دانشگاه امیرکبیر تهران

2 مهندسی مواد و متالورژی، دانشکده مهندسی معدن و متالورژی، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

در این مطالعه، خواص ریزساختاری و سختی جوش اصطکاکی اغتشاشی فولاد کم‌آلیاژ استحکام بالای API- X70 در حضور ذرات دی اکسید تیتانیوم (TiO2) مطالعه شده است. در این راستا، مخلوط همگنی از پودر TiO2 و پودر فولاد X70 به درزجوش اضافه شده و جوشکاری اعمال شده است. جوشکاری اصطکاکی اغتشاشی روی فولاد X70 در دو حالت حاوی ذرات و بدون ذرات TiO2 انجام شده است. جهت بررسی‌های ریزساختاری از میکروسکوپ نوری و اندازه‌گیری سختی از ابزار سختی سنجی ویکرز استفاده شده است. نتایج نشان داده است که در نمونه‌ی حاوی ذرات TiO2، سختی نواحی مختلف فلزجوش وابستگی شدیدی به ریزساختاردارد؛ ریزساختار نیز تحت تأثیر گرمای ورودی و عملیات اغتشاشی است. قابل ذکر است که ذرات پودر TiO2 در منطقه‌ی اغتشاشی بصورت همگن توزیع یافته و ریزساختار و سختی را تغییر داده‌اند. به‌طورخاص، ریزساختار از حالت غالب فریت سوزنی با سختی حدود 300HV در نزدیکی سطح نمونه به فریت چندوجهی (PF) با سختی 180HV در نزدیکی ریشه‌ی جوش تبدیل شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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